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Papers and Documents Relating to the History and Genealogy of the Ancient and Noble House of


of Ross-shire, Scotland, and its Descent from the Ancient Earls of Ross,

together with the Descent of the Ancient and

Historic Family of


from Rede of Troughend, Reade of Barton Court, Berks, and Read of Delaware. Also some account of the


of Meredith, Cadwalader, Carpenter, Pumpelly, Drake, Carron d'Allon- dans, Foras and Ward, and the New England and Mayflower Families of Allerton, Bradford, Cook, Cushman, Freeman, Marshall, Warren and Waterman, together with articles on Ancient Free- masonry, the Knights of the Amaranth and Knights of Albion.

By Major Harmon Pumpelly Read, f. R. g. S.,

Member of the Historical Society of New York and the Archivio Storico Gentilizio of Italy.

Being a compilation of Original Documents found in the Archives of the Late General John Meredith Read, Original Articles by the Author and Com- piler, and Articles already published, including the Descent of the Earls of Ross by the Late Francis Nevile Reid, Esq.

ALBANY, N.Y., 1908.



Two Couies


FEB 20


Copyrlfc-nt Entry

CLASS al XXC, No, Z.-2-5 ! 2-tf COPY 8,1

Copyright, 1908 By Harmon Pumpelly Read

Press of

The Argus Co., Printers,

Albany, N. Y.


Descendants of the Earls of Ross in Scotland.


fRrs. iKargurritr iir (Harnm Erafc,





Contents. xvii


Arms of Ross Frontispiece

Earl of Ross's March 6

Balnagown Castle 9

Ancient stone carving at Daan House 84

Tusculum, seat of Hon. John Ross 168

Residence of Hon. George Ross at Lancaster, Pa 169

Troughend . 197

Tablet in Elsdon Church 198

Ancient Library of Merton College 200

Elsdon Church 209

Redesdale 203

Elsdon Castle 211

Ruins of Barton Court 237, 238

Shipton Court 246

Horn of Nigel, the Forester of Borstall 252

Silver tankard of Colonel John Read ( 1688-1754) 266

Gravestone of Colonel John Read ( 1688-1754) 267

Reading table, candlesticks and chair of Colonel John Read (1688-1754) . . 268

Sword of Gunning Bedford 269

Silver service of Hon. George Read (1733-1798) 278

Read Mansion on Delaware Bay 279

Decoration of the Order of the Cincinnati 281

Discovery of Alliance and Morris Islands by Commodore Thomas Read. 282

U. S. frigate Alliance 283

Silver service of Colonel James Read (1743-1822) , 284

Residence of Hon. George Read. 2d (1765-1836) 292

Heraldic achievement of General John Meredith Read as a Knight Grand

Cross of the Redeemer 303

Masonic jewel and eagle of the 33d degree 309

Grand Cross of the Redeemer ^2g

Castor, tankard, server and coffee pot of Reese Meredith 329

Old Carpenter House, Philadelphia 340

Harmon Pumpelly house at Owego, N. Y 365

Keys to Masons' marks . " 391-3

Early seal of Rosicrucian Masonry 399

Decoration of the Order of Hie Amaranth 402


Ross, Rev. George, M. A. (1679-1754) 154

Ross, Hon. George, the Sig ler ( 1730-1779) 168

Read, Colonel John, of Delaware (1688-1756) 264

xviii Contents.

Read, Hon. George, the signer (1733-1798) -7«

Read, Commodore, Thomas ( 1740- 1788) 280

Read, Colonel James ( 1743-1822) 284

Read. Hon. John ( 1769-1854) 206- - I

Read, Chief Justice John Meredith (1797-1874 ) 3°o

Read, General John Meredith ( 1837-1896) 302 . '

Read, General John Meredith, in court costume 306 «- |

Read, Mrs. John Meredith (18 -18 ) 31O" '

PORTRAITS (Process).

Duchess of Sutherland r5°

Ross, Hon. John (1714-1776) 166

Ross, Hon. George, the Signer ( 1730- 1779> l~2

Gurney, Mrs. 1 tenry ( nee Catherine Ross ) i7'v

Reade, Sir Compton (1626-1679), first Baronet of Shipton Court 254

Penyston, Lady, daughter of Sir Compton Reade 255

Reade, Sir Thomas (1684-1752). fourth Baronet of Shipton Court 256

Reade, General George (1687-1756), grandson of Sir Compton Reade.... 257

Read, Sir John (1691-1712). third and lasl Baronet of Brocket Hall 260

Read. General Meredith (1837-1896). at the age of 23. as Adjutant-General

of the State of New York 3°4

Read. Major Harmon Pumpelly ( [860- ) 3H

Read, Colonel John Meredith < 1869- ) 312

Pumpelly. Hon. Harmon (170; iXSji 364

Read. Mrs. Harmon Pumpelly 373

Foras, Bartolbmeo di (1362) 37°

Foras, Count Amedee 377

CO ATS-OF- ARMS —(Steel).

Read. General Meredith 1 [837- [896) 3 '4.

Read, General Meredith (1837-1896), as Knight Grand Cross of the

Redeem r 3 ' -'

Pumpelly 35§

Carron d'Allondans, shown in 1> >< »k-plate }7-

COATS-OF- ARMS (Process).

Ross Fn mtispiece.

Ross of Shandwick 31

King's Escutcheon, or Arm- of David II. of Scotland 83

Ross, shown in ancient stone carving at Daan House 84

Earls of Ross §5

Alexander Stewart. Earl of Buchan 86

Ross of Balnagown 88

Ross, Hon. John I 1714-1776). shown in book-plate 167

United States of America l9l

Rede of Troughend. shown on tablet in Elsdon Church 198

Read of Delaware, shown on gravestone of Colonel John Read 267

Contents. xix

Read, Hon. George, the Signer (1733-1798), shown in book-plate 276'

Read, General Meredith (1837-1896). shown in heraldic achievement as

Knight Grand Cross of the Redeemer 303

Drake family 3^7


Ross, Hon. John (1714-1776) 167

Read, Hon. George (1733-1798) 276

Read, General Meredith (1837- 1896), steel 312

Read, Mrs. Harmon Pumpelly, steel 372 •>


Earls of Ross, descendants of 2 - '■'.

Ross, Rev. George, descendants of 159 '>

Ross, Hon. George, descendants of 169. x

Baronets of Shipton Court 253«-

Read, Colonel John, of Delaware, descendants of 269

Mayflower and New England families 345 *>/

Marshall family 348* \

Pumpelly family 358 " \

Drake, Roberts and Learning families 366

Ward family of Maryland 378


THE descent of the Ross and Read families from the ancient Earls of Ross, as shown in the following pages, is derived from the Ross and Read muniments. The pedigree from Malcolm, first Earl of Ross, to David Ross of Balblair, ancestor of the American or Read Rosses, is largely from the very accurate and valuable account of the descendants of the Earls of Ross, published by the late Francis Nevile Reid, Esq., himself a descendant in the female line. This account of the family appeared, in 1889, 1890, 1891, 1892 and 1893, in The Scottish Antiquary; or, Northern Notes and Queries. edited by the Rev. A. W. Cornelius Hallen, M. A., Edinburgh. In his intro- duction to the work, which was accompanied by a well-planned key chart, a copy of which appears herewith, Mr. Reid said :

In these tables there are probably many omissions, and possibly many errors; it is, however, hoped that their publication will bring to light fresh material, and enable what is faulty to be corrected. A life passed chiefly abroad has rendered it impossible for me to consult authorities which are easily accessible to others. I am anxious to thank all those friends who have given me during many years of research so much valuable assistance.

In later publications Mr. Reid noted many corrections, and these changes, as well as many corrections by the author, have been made in the account as printed here.

Mr. Reid was the son of the late Mr. Nevile Reid of Runnymede, by his second wife, Caroline, third daughter of the seventh Lord Napier. He was born in 1827, and married in 1859 Sophia, youngest daughter of Sir Thomas Gibson Carmichael, seventh Baronet. He died on the 12th of July, 1892, at the ancient palace of Ravello, three miles from Amalfi. Mr. Reid purchased this historical residence many years ago. It covered several acres, and he retained the Tower, the Saracenic Court and a large portion of the main building, which became under the auspices of Mr. and Mrs. Reid, the home of elegant comfort and hospitality. " Mr. Reid," says The Scottish Antiquary, " threw himself into works of utility and beneficence. He brought water from the mountains to the village of Ravello, cultivated lemons, walnuts, olives and vines, introducing new species from France ; while luxuriant gar- dens descended towards the sea by many terraces. Much was done for the district ; a carriage road was made, whereas formerly only mules and por- tantinas could approach the house. The fragments of marble which had formed the beautiful gallery of the cathedral were recovered and replaced and the cathedral restored, for which Mr. Reid received the thanks of the Italian Government. Not only were the poor attended to, but young men were educated, and much employment given. He died beloved and respected by high and low. The record of such a life affords consolation to those from whom it has been taken."

2 Rossiana.

These few lines are scarcely an adequate tribute to one who, in addition to his public services, has placed under lasting obligations all the descendants of the Earls of Ross.


I.1 Malcolm, Earl of Ross, had a mandate from Malcolm, King of Scots, to protect the monks of Dunfermline, dated at Clackmannan A. D. 1153-65 (Reg. de Dunfermlyn, p. 25). He was of the Celtic family of O'Bealan or Builton, as Sir Robert Gordon writes it (Hist, of Earls of Sutherland). There never was an Earl who bore the surname of Ross, but when the title passed to descendants in the female line, the Lairds of Balnagown assumed the name as male representatives of the Earls. Malcolm must have lived also during the reign of William the Lion, 1165-1214.

2. Ferquhard, second Earl of Ross, founded the Abbey of Feme in the parish of Edderton in 1230, and, dying about 1251, was buried there; the stone effigy of a warrior is said to mark his grave.2 The Abbey was not long after its foundation removed to a site a few miles distant; hence it was often called Abbacia de Nova Farina. In 1597 part of the Abbey lands was erected into the temporal lordship of the Barony of Geanies, and in 1607 the remaining lands were annexed by Act of Parliament to the Bishopric of Ross (Statist. Account of Scotland). In 1237 he was witness to an agreement between the Kings of England and Scotland, in presence of Odo, the Legate (Foedera i. 233), and in 1244 he was one of those who informed the Pope of the treaty of peace made with the King of Eng- land (Mat. Paris Chron. Maj. iv. 383). Earl Ferquhard had

3. William, his successor. (See below.) 209. Malcolm, mentioned in the writs of the Lovat estate, No. 77, con- firmation by Alexander III. of the donation made by Malcolm, son of Ferquhard, Earl of Ross, to William de Byseth of the lands of Craigarn, 24th December and 12 of reign (Ant. Notes, C. F. Macintosh, Inverness. 1865).

(1.) Euphemia. married Walter de Moravia, Knight, Lord of Du.fus, 1224-62.

(2.) Christina, said to have been third wife of Olaus, fifth King of Man and the Isles, who died 1237.

3. William, third Earl of Ross. " Wm. son of Earl Ferquhard wit." Sept. 1232 (Cartulary of Moray). He obtained a grant of the Isles of Skye

lumbers in black-face type refer to corresponding numbers in the Key Chart herewith.

2Mr. Skene (Celtic Scot. vol. i, p. 483, vol. iii, p. 78) ignores Earl Malcolm, and makes Ferquhard the first Earl of Ross. He states that the territory belonging to the Celtic monastery of Applecross, founded in the seventh century by the Irish Saint Maelrubha, lying between the district of Ross and the western sea, from Loch Carron to Loch Ewe and Loch Maree, had passed into the hands of a family of lay abbots, called Sagarts or Priests of Applecross. This Ferquhard Macinsagart, son of the lay possessor, was thus a powerful Highland Chief. When Alexander II., soon after his accession (1214-49), was forced to suppress an insurrection in Moray and Ross, Fer- quhard, siding with him, seized the insurgent leaders and beheaded them. He presented their heads to the King, 15th June, 1215, was knighted and created Earl of Ross, which thus became a feudal Earldom held of the Crown. Is Earl Malcolm a myth?



1 George Ross Mary Bird

George Ross (The " Signer")=ANN I<awler.

C#V 2 James Ross^ J^^/^t OsyoeU 3 Mary Ross

James Wilson

4 Ann Ross 5 Patton Ross 6 Win. Bird Ross 7 Gertrude Read Ross 8 Geo. W. Ross James Hopkins Elizabeth Witmer (Unmarried) (Unmarried) Mary Witmer

18 George Ross 19 Mary Elizabeth

/ Ross (I,ast descend-

ant named Ross of

13 Washington 14 William 15 George 16 James M. 17 Ann (&$\JUD George Ross, the

= = .y-rwv "signer.")

Newton I^ightner



24 James 22 William 23 Henry C. and 10 others (Unmarried.)

30 Henry C. (11 children)

31 Ralph 32 Isabel

9 Tho3.R. Ross 10 Robert Coleman Ross 11 Caroline Ross 12 Eliza Juliana Ross

Samuel D. Orrick Dr. Abraham Carpenter

20 John Newton Orrick Iyizzie

25 Caroline

26 Anna Julia 27 Eliza Ross 28 Harriette Borrows

John H. McMurdy Frank M. Taylor E. C. Stimson


33 John H. McMurdy 31 David Paul

Mary Frances Kaufman

21 Caroline Orrick David G. Eshleman

29 George Ross Elizabeth Spencer









Designations of members of the Ross Family n reference to the Key Chart.

Achnacloich, 130, 131, 132, 133, 131a. Ui!>, 134c

Aldie, liii., liiii., Iv.

Allan, Little. 141, 142, lxv.

Allan, Easter Little, Ixvi., lxvii.

Ankerville. 97, 98.

Ardgay, 74.

Balblair, 197a, 197/>.

Balmachy, 191, 194. 195, 196a. 196(..

Kalnagown, 9, 10, 11, 12. 13. 14. 15, 10, 17. IS, 19, 20.

Balon, 205.

Brealangwell, 88.

Cromarty, xix.

Culnahall, 190.

Cunlich, xiii., xvi., xviii., xix.. Ixxix., lxxx.

Daan, Little, 110, 11C.

Drugillie, 123.

Drumgelly, 176.

Easterfearn. 100, 102, 103, 105, 106. 107.

Eye, lxvii., Ixviii.

Gladfield, 91, 92.

Invercharron, 74, 75. 76. 77. 79, SO, 81, 82, S3, 84.

Inverchassley, 50, 51. 52, 53. 54. 55, 56. 57. 58. 59, 60. 61, 62.

Kerse, 157, 158.

Logie Easter, 181, 182, 1S3.

Pitkerie, xii., xxii.

Pitkerie, Nether, xxiiii.. xxv., xxvi.

Pitmaduthie, 126.

Priesthill, 136a, 13W, 136r, 136J, 136c

Ranyes, 149.

Rarichies, 8.

Rosehill, lvii.

Ross, Earl of, 1, 2. 3. 4, 5, 6.

Shandwick, 143, 144. 143. 146, 152. 154. 155, 156, 157. 171.

Skeldon, Berbice, 159.

Tarrel, Little, i., ii., iii.. iiii., v., vi., vii.

Tolly, 130.

The connection of the following branches of ti .^^aa amuy wim mi-- main stem is at present doubtful. Sometimes there are only two or three generations, and then the family disappears; some- times, as in ' Morangie,' there are many generations:

i of Kindeace, 1st family.



Midgany. ' Morangie.



Inverchassley.lst family ' Pitcalzeane.

Meddat. ' Tutintarroch

Ross of Risollis.







Andrew, provost of 1 am

William, bail! '

: of T




Ancient Earls of Ross. 3

and Lewis from Alexander III, and died at Earles Allane May 1274 ( Kalender of Feme).1 having married Jean, daughter of William Comyn, Earl of Buchan, by his first wife. He was succeeded by his son and heir

4. William, fourth Earl of Ross. In 1283 he was one of the nobles who acknowledged the Maid of Norway as heir to the Crown (Acts of Parlia- ment). He sided alternately with the English and Scotch parties; did homage to Edward I, as overlord in a chapel at Berwick, 1st August 1251 (Bain's Cal. Doc. Scot. ii. No. 508). He was one of the auditors elected by Bruce and Baliol at the trial before Edward I. in 1292 (Palgrave, Scot. Rec. No. 18, p. 52). His seal is attached to one of the writings deposited in the Exchequer concerning the fealty done by John Baliol to Edward (Bain's Cal. ii. No. 660). In 1292 his lands in Argyll were formed into the Sheriffdom of Skye (Acts of Parliament). In 1296 the Scottish army, under the Earls of Ross, Menteith, and Athole, made an incursion into England, devastating the country. They succeeded in occupying the important castle of Dunbar. Edward determined to recover it, and sending a strong force to attack the Scots, the armies met on the high ground above Dunbar, when the Scots were utterly defeated with a loss of 10.000 men and many prisoners. On the day after the battle, 21st April 1296, Edward came to Dunbar, when the castle surrendered at discretion. Among the numerous prisoners was the Earl of Ross, who was sent a prisoner to the Tower, where the Sheriffs were ordered to pay six-pence a day for his maintenance (Hist. Scot. Tytler, vol. i, p. 99, Stevenson's Hist. Doc. ii. 27). His eldest son Hugh obtained a safe conduct to visit him 28th August 1297 (Hist. Doc. Scot. vol. ii.). On or about 29th September 1303, an order for his escort and guard, with minute directions for his journey, was issued. He reached Perth 12th December, where he remained with the Prince of Wales until 3d February 1303-4, when he was sent home. In 1305 he was appointed Warden beyond the Spey. In 1306 Bruce's Queen and daughter. Princess Marjory, on the advance of the English army, took refuge in the girth or immunity of St. Duthace at Tain, but the Earl, violating the sanctuary, delivered them up to the English ; they were sent prisoners to England, and not liberated until 1312 (Foedera). In 1308 Bruce and the Earl were reconciled at Auldearn ; he did homage and was infeft in the lands of Dingwall and Ferncrosky (Acts of Pari. Rob. hid., p. 16, No. 17). In 1312 he sealed at Inverness an agreement between the ^iogs of Scotland and Norway, and in 1320 he concurred in the baron's

r)'-"" asserting the independence of Scotland (Acts of Parliament) . er to the j. 0y^ 3th January ^322]^ (Kalender of Feme), having married

uied at Delny, 2> a lacb' w^° warmly supported the English party.

P lemia __w 's imprisonment Edward granted her maintenance from

,, ""^kfrshushiuad He left issue

-5. Hugh, his heir. (See bclozv.) 207. Sir John, who married Margaret Comyn, second daughter and

co -heiress of John. Earl of Buchan. He had with her half of

the Earl of Buchan's heritage in Scotland (Rob. hid. 2. 44) ;

dying s. p., the lands passed to his nephew, William, Earl of Ross.

aTo the Rev. Dr. Joass I owe a most careful transcript of the Obit notices of the name of Ross, from the Kalender of Ferae MS. on parchment at Dunrobin Castle. F. N. Reid. •%'


4 Rossiana.

208. Sir Walter, who was a scholar at Cambridge 1306, and 4th June 1307 received a gift of 10 marks from King Edward (Cal. Doc. Scot. vol. ii). He was the dearly loved friend of Edward Bruce, and fell at Bannockburn 23d June 1314.

" Sir Edward the King's brother Loved, and had in sik daintie That as himself him loved he." Barbour.

(1.) Isabella, obtained a dispensation from Pope John XXII., dated at Avignon 1st June 1317. to marry Edward Bruce, Earl of Carrick. conne:ted within third and fourth degrees of affinity. He fell at the battle of Dundalk, .?. p. /., 5th October 13 iS. being styled King of Ireland. The marriage probably never took place. The mother of his illegitimate son Alexander, afterwards Earl of Car- rick. was Isabel, sister of David de Strabolgi, Earl of Athole. (New Peerage, Note, G. Burnett.) (2.) Dorothea, married Torquil M'Leod, second Baron of Lewis P. 5. Hugh, fifth Earl of Ross. By a somewhat questionable exercise of Prerogative. Robert I. gave to Sir Hugh de Ross, Knight, son and heir of William, Earl of Ross, the Vice-County and Burgh of Crumbathy, 5th December 1316 (Exch. Rolls, Scot. vol. i). He obtained by various charters from the King (Rob. Ind. 2, 56, 58, 59, 60) the lands of Skye, Strathglass, Strathconan. etc. At the battle of Halidon Hill, near Berwick, fought on St. Magdalen's Day. 20th February 1333-4. he led the reserve to attack the wing which Baliol commanded, was driven back and slain1 ( Tytlcr. vol. ii, p. 29). The English found on his body the shirt of St. Duthace, supposed to possess miraculous powers, and restored it to the sanctuary at Tain.2 He married first in 1308 Lady Maud Bruce, sister to the King (Chart. Rob. Ind. 2, 49), " Hugonis de Ros and Mauld, sister to the King, the lands of Name cum burgo." , By her he had

6. William, his successor. (See below. )

7. John, son of late Hugh, Earl of Ross, died 27th May 1364 (Kalen-

dcr of Feme).

(1.) Marjory, married, as second wife, before 1334, Malise, Earl of

Strathern. Caithness, and Orkney. The Earl was attainted in

1335 and his honours forfeited. He died ^. p. m. before 1357-

He granted to William, Earl of Ross, his brother-in-law, the

marriage of his daughter, Isabel, declaring her heiress to the

Earldom of Caithness. She was given in marriage to Sir William

St. Clair, and was mother of Sir Henry St. Clair. Earl of Orkney

(Lib. Ins. Miss. p. 43, Rob. Ind. New Peerage, G. E. C).

The Earl married, secondly, Margaret, daughter of Sir David Graham of

Old Montrose, dispensation granted at Avignon by Pope John XXII., 24th

November 1329, on the discovery, long after they were married and had issue.

'On 1st of May, 1362, Robert de Lawedis, Lord of Ouarelwood, founded a chapel in the cathedral of Moray for his own soul, and especially for the soul of the late Hugh. Earl of Ross, his lord (Cartul. of Moray).

-Duthace, Bishop of Ross, was of noble birth, and dying 1249, was enrolled among the Saints Sth March (Keith's Bishops Scot.).

Ancient Earls of Ross. 5

of a canonical impediment, and legitimating the children (Note, G. Burnett). She obtained another dispensation, 13th April 1341. to marry John de Barclay, and thirdly, 21st November 1348, to marry John de Moravia. By her first husband she had

8. Hugh of Rarichies,1 of whom hereafter as first of Balnagown. (1.) Euphemia, married, first, John Randolph, third Earl of Moray, who fell at the Battle of Durham, s. p., 17th October, 1346. She married, secondly, as second wife, Robert, Earl of Strathern, afterwards King Robert II. Dispensation granted by Pope In- nocent VI., at Avignon, 2d May, 1355, for the third degree of affinity and the fourth of consanguinity. The affinity is clear, the Earl of Strathern and the Earl of Moray being descended in the third degree from the Earl and Countess of Carrick. The relationship by consanguinity has yet to be discovered. The

King died 13th May, 1390, and the Queen , 1372. With

daughters they left two sons,

(1.) David Steward, Earl of Stratherne, created before Novem- ber, 1375, Earl of Caithness. He died before 1389, leav- ing an only daughter, Euphemia, Countess of Stratherne and Caithness. (2.) Walter Steward, on the resignation of his niece Euphemia, became Earl of Caithness, created about 1409 Earl of Athole. He married, before 19th October, 1378, Mar- garet, only daughter and heiress of Sir David de Barclay of Brechin, by whom he had two sons, David, who died in England, v. p., leaving a son Robert, who joined his grandfather in the murder of James I., at Perth, and was executed at Edinburgh, March, 1437, a few days before his grandfather. His second son was Alan, Earl of Caithness, who died unmarried, 1431. (2.) Janet, married, first, Monymusk of that Ilk, and secondly, Sir Alexander Murray of Abercairney ; an indenture was executed at Perth, 24th November, 1375, between Queen Euphemia and her son, Earl David of the one part, and Alexander Murray of Drumsergorth of the other part, agreeing that Alexander Murray should marry Lady Janet de Mony-Muske, sister of the Queen, who with the Earl promised to assist him in recovering his in- heritance, and that Walter Murray, brother of Alexander, should if he pleased, marry the elder daughter of Lady Janet. (Ander- son's Dip. Scot. p. lvii, Earldom af Strathern, Nicholas.) The seals of the Queen and of her son were affixed to the indenture.

1George Crawfurd, historiographer of Scotland, records that Hugh of Rarichies, first Laird of Balnagown, was the son of Hugh, fifth Earl of Ross, by his first wife, Lady Maud Bruce, sister of Robert II. Rev. Compton Reade, in his " Record of the Redes," makes the same claim, thus showing that the Line of Balnagown came direct from the Earls of Ross and the Royal house of Scotland. (See " Read Descent from the Royal House of Scotland," post.)

6 Rossi an a.

(3.) Lilias, married William Urquhart, heritable Sheriff of Cromarty, who succeeded 1314. (Titles of Urquharts of Cromarty, Antiq. Notes, C. F. Macintosh.)

6. William, sixth Earl of Ross and Lord of Skye, Justiciar of Scotland north of the Forth, called in a charter of 1374 " frater regis," was in Norway when his father died, and did not take possession of his Earldom until 1336. In 1346 King David assembled an army at Perth to invade England, but the expedition began badly, for the Earl of Ross murdered Ronald of the Isles in the monastery of Elcho, and returned with his men to their mountains (Exch. Rolls Scot. vol. i.). The soldiers of the Isles also dispersed, and many of the Highlanders followed them. The King advanced into England, and, T~th October, 1346. the battle of Durham was fought, and he was taken prisoner and sent to the Tower. The King was liberated in 1357 and held a Parliament at Scone. Nine years later the northern lords had thrown off their allegiance, and refused to contribute their rate towards the payment of the King's ransom and other burdens. Among the principal leaders were the Earl of Ross and Hugh, his brother. The Earl remained absent from Parliament in 1366, 1367, but in 1368 was obliged to find security to keep the peace (Acts of Parliament ). and engaged within his territories to administer justice, and assist the officers in collecting the taxes. (Tytler, vol. ii., p. 51.)

In 1350 the Earl, with the approval of his sister, Marjory, Countess of Caithness and Orkney, and on condition of obtaining the King's consent, appointed his brother Hugh his heir (Bain. Chart. Orig. par. Scot. vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 487). On the death of his uncle, Sir John de Ross, he inherited half of the lands of the Earldom of Buchan {Acts of Parliament ). King David favoured the marriage of the Earl's daughter. Euphemia. with Sir Walter de Lesley without her father's sanction, and in 1370, probably remembering the Earl's conduct at Elcho, compelled him to resign all his possessions for reinfeftment. Therefore, a new charter was granted of the Earldom of Ross and Lordship of Skye, and of all his lands, except those which belonged to the Earldom of Buchan. first, to the heirs-male of his body; whom failing, secondly, to Sir Walter de Lesley. Euphemia, his spouse, and their heirs; whom failing, thirdly, to his youngest daughter. Joanna or Janet, and her heirs. After his brother Hugh's death he addressed a Querimonia, dated 24th June 1371 (Antiq. of Aberdeen, Jos. Robertson) to Robert II. in which he styles himself " humilis nepos," complaining of the way in which all his possessions, and also those of his brother Hugh, lying within Buchan, had been taken from him by force and fraud, and given by the late King to Sir Walter de Lesley. This complaint met with no result ; a few months later he died at Delny. 9th February 1371-72 (Kalender of Feme), his only son, William, having died before him. In 1354 his son was proposed as one of the hostages for the payment of the King's ransom (Acts of Parliament), but in August. 1357 he was too ill to travel to England, and must have died before the end of the year. Therefore, in virtue of the new charter, the Earl's two daughters became heirs-portioners. William, Earl of Ross, John de Berclay, Thomas de Moravia (brother of the grantor) and others were witnesses to a charter by John de Moravia, granting certain lands in the barony of Awath to his " consanguines," Andrew de Ros, son of the late


Ancient Earls of Ross. 7

William de Ros, "militis." In the old copy on parchment of the charter the date is wanting.

(1.) Euphemia. (See below.)

(2.) Joanna or Janet, who died before 1400. having married in 1375

Sir Alexander Fraser of Cowie, who, 4th June 1375, obtained

a charter from Sir Walter Lesley in favour of him and his wife

of the lands of Philorth and others, in compensation for their

lands in Ross (confirm. Robert III. 28th October 1405). Sir

Alexander was ancestor of the Barons Saltoun. (See Lord

Saltoun, Frasers of Philorth).

(1.) Euphemia, Countess of Ross, married first, before 1365, Sir Walter,

second son of Sir Andrew Lesley, assuming j'u. ux. the title of Earl of Ross ;

he died about 1379. The Countess was forced to marry, secondly, Sir

Alexander Stewart, " Wolf of Badenoch," fourth son of Robert II, by whom

she had no issue; dying 24th July 1394, he was buried at Dunkeld. He

received a royal charter of all his wife's lands, 22d July 1382, and, 24th

July, another charter styles him Earl of Buchan. The Countess became

Abbess of Elcho, and, dying about 1394, was buried at Fortrose. By her first

husband she left,

(1.) Alexander. (See below.)

(2.) Margaret. (See post.)

(1.) Alexander Lesley, Earl of Ross, married Isabel, eldest daughter of

Robert Steward, Earl of Fife and Duke of Albany, Regent of Scotland, third

son of Robert II. The Earl died at Dingwall, 1402, leaving an only daughter,

Euphemia, Countess of Ross, who became a nun. She illegally resigned

the Earldom to her maternal uncle, Sir John Steward, who thereupon

styled himself Earl of Buchan and Ross. He fell at the battle of

Verneuil, 17th August 1424.

(2) Lady Margaret Lesley, on the resignation or death of her niece

Euphemia, was the next heir to the Earldom. She had married Donald

M'Donald, Lord of the Isles, who now claimed the Earldom in her right.

This claim being refused, he protested against the injustice, and, gathering

a numerous force, came through the northern mountains and descended

into the flat country near Harlaw, where he met, 24th July 141 1, a small

force under the Earl of Mar, illegitimate son of the " Wolf of Badenoch,"

by whom he was defeated, a great gain to the Lowlanders, for, had he won

the battle, he would have been Lord of about half of Scotland (Burton,

. Hist. Scot. vol. iii. p. 100). He died at Isla about 1423; the Countess was

imprisoned on the Island of Inchcolm, in the Firth of Forth, and died about

1429, leaving, with other issue,

(1.) Alexander. (See belozv.) (2.) Hugh, ancestor of Lord Macdonald.

(3.) Celestine, ancestor of Lord Macdonnell and Arras. Extinct. (4.) Margaret, married John, eighth Earl of Sutherland. She was nearly drowned in crossing the ferry at Unes, and, being drawn on shore, was murdered, it is said, at the instigation of the

8 Rossiana.

" Laird of Balnagown his daughter," by whom the Earl had two illegitimate sons.1 Her only daughter, Elizabeth, became Countess of Sutherland, jure sua. (i.) Alexander M'Donald. Earl of Ross and Lord of the Isles. In 1427 the Highland chiefs were summoned to parliament ; among them were Alexander of the Isles and the Countess of Ross, his mother. On presenting themselves they were seized and imprisoned. Alexander was soon after liberated, and the first use he made of his liberty was to devastate the Crown lands with a numerous force. James I. defeated him at Lochaber. 23d July 1429, and he, being driven from place to place, on 27th August presented himself before the high altar of the chapel of Holyrood in presence of the King, Queen, and Court, clad only in his shirt and drawers, and, giving up his sword, sought for mercy. The King spared his life, but confined him for some months in Tantallon, when his mother and he were released and his lands restored. He died at Dingwall 4th May, 1448, having married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Alexander Seton, Lord of Gordon and Huntly, and leaving, with other issue,

(1.) John, Earl of Ross and last Lord of the Isles. In 1456 the King gave him the barony of Kyneward, which, owing to the Earl's minority, had been in the King's hands in ward for three years. (E.vcli. Rolls Scot. vol. vi.). Sasina Com. Rossii de t. de Kyned- ward. James II.. 1456 (Ibid. vol. ix.). In 1462, having made an independent treaty with Edward IV., he was deemed a traitor, and, to avoid forfeiture was forced to cede his lands and titles to the Crown. In the ninth parliament of James III., 4th July 1476, Art. 71 " annexes till his Crown the Earldom of Ross with the pertinents to remain thereat forever * * * it sail not be leiful to his * * * Successors to make Aliena- tion of the said Earldom or any part thereof frae his Crown * * * Saiffand * * * to give the said Earldom till ane of his or their secunde sounes." He was then partially restored, with remainder to his illegitimate sons, being made a Lord of Parliament under the style of John de Isla. Lord of the Isles. This title he finally forfeited in 1494. when he retired to the Abbey of Paisley, where he died s. p. I. about 1498, having married Elizabeth, daughter of James, Lord Livingstone, con- cerning whom there is the following entry in the accounts of the- Lord High Treasurer, vol. i., " 1497, 26 Nov. for ane vnce of sewing silk to the Countess of Ross to the Kingis clathes iiijs."


8. Hugh Ross of Rarichies, first of Balnagown. He obtained these and other lands by a grant from his brother. As indicated by the mullet on his seal, he was third son of Hugh, Earl of Ross, being eldest son of the Earl's

1Isobella, daughter of Alexander Ross, seventh of Balnagown, wife of George Munro of Foulis; her son Alexander Sutherland (the Bastard) opposed service of "brief" in favour of Lady Elizabeth Sutherland, then wife of Sir Adam Gordon, at the Court held at Inverness. 25th July, 1509.

io Rossiana.

second marriage with Margaret Graham (see ante). On 30th March 1351 he granted the lands of Scatterby and Byth to "Karissimo awunculo nostro Petro de Grame " (Ch. of Conf. Frasers of Philorth, vol. ii. p. 232). On 10th May 1333 Earl Hugh granted to his son Hugh the lands then in the hands of Margaret of Ross by reason of her tierce when it should happen, except certain lands in Aberdeenshire reserved for William his son and heir (Bain. Char. Orig. Par. Scot. vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 486). In 1341 he obtained from his brother, Earl William, the lands of Westray, in 1357 those of Eister Alane, On 1st July 1365 he is styled Lord of Philorth (Rob. Index), which lands he exchanged with the Earl for Wester Ross, Strathglass, and Ellandonan. He died before June 1371, having married Margaret de Barclay. Charter 26th February 1369, David II. to Hugo de Ros and Margaret de Barclay. He had issue,

9. William. (See belozv.) (1.) Jean, married Robert Munro, eighth Baron of Foulis, killed

1369. P-

9. William, second of Balnagown. Confirmation by Robert II. to William, Earl of Ross, of the gift of the lands of Balnagown and others to his late brother Hugh and his son and heir William. Given at Badenoch 1st August 1374 (Great Seal). Confirmation to William de Ross, son and heir of the late Hugh, of the lands of Balnagown, 22d October 1378 (Great Seal). He married Christian, daughter of Lord Livingstone ( Citron. Earls of Ross) ; she is said to have built the Kirk of Alness, or, according to another account, the Bridge of Alness ; their son and heir was,

10. Walter, third of Balnagown, styled in 1398 Walter of Ross, Lord of Rarichies; he received from Alexander Lesley, Earl of Ross, part of Cullys (Bain. Chart.). He married Katherine, daughter of Paul M'Tyre, the freebooter; she received for her dowry the lands of Strathcarron, Strathoy- kell, and Westray. This levier of blackmail was great-grandson of Lady Christina and Olaus, King of Man (see ante) ; on 5th April 1366 Earl William granted him and his heirs by Mary de Grahame the lands of Gerloch, forming part of the Sheriffdom of Skye (Rob. Index) ; the grant was con- firmed by Robert II. (Great Seal).1 They left issue, a son.

11. Hugh, fourth of Balnagown, is said to have married Janet, daughter of the Earl of Sutherland by Helen Sinclair, daughter of the Earl of Orkney (Chron. of Earls of Ross). At Dunrobin there is no trace of this lady or of the marriage of Hugh Ross ; he had,

12. John. (See belozv.)

140. Hugh, named in the Chron.

141. Mr. William of Little Allan. (See post.)

206. Mr. Thomas, on the resignation of his brother Mr. William, became Sub-dean of Ross and Parson of Rosskeen. As Sub-dean of Ross and Rector of the collegiate church of Tain he witnessed a charter 1487 (Great Seal).

xMr. Skene (Celtic Scot. vol. iii, p. 355,) states that the chronicle mentioning the marriage of Olaus the Black and Christina, daughter of Earl Ferquhard, does not name their supposed three sons, Leod, Gunn and Leandres, that this filiation is certainly- spurious. Paul was related to William the sixth Earl, and in various pedigrees is called grandson of Leandres.

Line of Balnagown. n

12. John, fifth of Balnagown, precept by Alexander, Earl of Ross and Lord of the Isles for infefting him as heir to his father Hugh {Bain. Chart.). John of Ross, Laird of Balnagown, was party to a bond (Hist. MS. Rep.). The lands of Little Allan on his resignation were granted by James IV., 18th October 1490, to David Ross, his grandson and apparent heir (Great Seal). He is said to have married Christian, daughter of Torquil Macleod of the Lewes ; he had.

13. Alexander. (See below.) 136a. Mr. Donald of Priesthill. (See post.)

137. Malcolm, named in the Chron.; he was perhaps burgess of Tain

and father of William, who died 4th March 1537 (Kal. of F.).

138. Andrew, burgess of Tain (Old MS. Pea1.).

139. John, who is said to have married Munro of Tain

(Old MS. Ped.).

13. Alexander, sixth of Balnagown, fell at Allt Charrais, with a con- siderable number of the clan, in a fight with the Sutherlands. The Kal. of Feme states, under date i486, June, " Ob Alexr. ross de balnagown, mgri wilhelmi ross, et Vilhelmi ross, angusii de terrel, alexr. terrel. etc. in die scti barnabi apti, aho dhi m°cccc°lxxxvi apud aide charwis undecimo huius." He married Dorothy, daughter of Alexander Sutherland of Duffus. In the MS. at Dunrobin it is stated that " she had the wyt of the field of Aldyharves," and had issue,

14. David. (See below.)

(1.) Isobel, married, as first wife, George Munro, tenth of Foulis; their only son, George, was killed with his father, 1452.

14. Sir David, Knight, seventh of Balnagown, married first Helen Keith, daughter of the Laird of Inverugie, " ane guid woman." Charter to him and Helen Keith, his wife, of Wester Rarichies and Culleis 28th October 1490

(Great Seal) ; she died May 1519 (Kal. of F.). He married secondly

a daughter of the Duke of Albany, by whom he had no issue. He died 20th May 1527 (Kal. of F.). leaving by his first wife,

15. Walter. (See below.)

74. William of Ardgay. (See post.) 130. Hugh of Achnacloich. (See post.)

(1.) Agnes, who married William M'Culloch of Plaids, and died at Hil- ton, 24th April, 1572. (Kal. of Feme.)

15. Walter, eighth of Balnagown, was slain at Tain 12th May 1528 (Kal. of F.), having married Marion, daughter of Sir John James Grant of Grant, by whom he had,